McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing group based at the McLaren Technology Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best referred to as a Formula One builder and also has a history of completing in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis manufacturer, and has actually won the Canadian-American Challenge Cup (Can-Am) sports car racing champion. The group is the second earliest active, and 2nd most successful Formula One group after Ferrari, having actually won 182 races, Drivers' Champions and eight Builders' Championships. The group is a completely owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the team won its very first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, however their greatest preliminary success remained in Can-Am, which they dominated from 1967 to 1971. Further American accomplishment followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren automobiles for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren died in a screening mishap in 1970, Teddy Mayer took over and led the group to their very first Formula One Constructors' Champion in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Champion in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 also marked the start of a long-standing sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren combined with Ron Dennis' Job Four Racing; Dennis took control of as team principal and shortly after arranged a buyout of the original McLaren shareholders to take complete control of the team. This started the group's most successful period: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took in between them seven Motorists' Champions and the team took 6 Fabricators' Championships. The mix of Prost and Senna was particularly dominant-- together they won all but one race in Discover more 1988-- but later on their rivalry soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English team Williams provided the most consistent obstacle throughout this period, the two winning every manufacturers' title between 1984 and 1994. However, by the mid-1990s, Honda had actually withdrawn from Formula One, Senna had actually transferred to Williams, and the team went 3 seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and former Williams designer Adrian Newey, further champions came in 1998 and 1999 with motorist Mika Häkkinen, and during the 2000s the team corresponded front-runners, driver Lewis Hamilton taking their most current title in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren group principal in 2009, handing over to long period of time McLaren worker Martin Whitmarsh. However, at the end of 2013, after the group's worst season since 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren revealed in 2013 that they would be using Honda engines from 2015 onwards, changing Mercedes-Benz.
The group raced as McLaren Honda for the first time considering that 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren announced they had actually agreed on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will go back to utilize Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season until a minimum of 2024. After initially going back to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren announced in August 2019 that they would run in combination with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports starting in 2020 to run the complete IndyCar Series, the combined entry being called Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works driver for the British Solution One team Cooper with whom he had actually won three Grands Prix and come 2nd in the 1960 World Championship. Wishing to contend in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his companies, but when group owner Charles Cooper demanded using 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors allowed by the Tasman rules, Bruce chose to set up his own group to run him and his prospective Solution One teammate Timmy Mayer with customized Cooper automobiles.